Phobias involve being fearful of a specific object or situation (e.g. flying, speaking at a social event, going near certain animals).
This can lead to a person avoiding an object or situation that might cause the person to face the phobia (e.g. changing work patterns, not attending social appointments or not getting health check-ups).
Exposure to the feared object or situation could result in panic reaction. In such situations, the fear and avoidance could interfere with the person’s everyday life and could cause considerable distress and anxiety.